During the period from 1992 to 1995, 2.2 million persons or more than half of the pre-war population domiciled in the country fled their homes in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Among them 1.2 million left the country to seek refugee protection abroad in more than 100 countries world-wide whilst approximately one million persons were displaced within the country. Aside from the devastating human impact of the war, nearly 500 000 homes, or almost half of all housing units in the country, were either partially or completely destroyed. Some 29 000 applications for housing assistance in the RHP framework have been received from those wishing to return and those wishing to integrate in the local communities.
Gordana Vukobat (29) is one of the many internally displaced persons in Bosnia and Herzegovina who had to move out of her home during the conflicts in the 1990s. She came to Banja Luka in 1992, together with her parents and an older sister. She was seven years old at the time, and has a very vivid memory of their family house, which was built out of the money her father had earned after working for many years in Slovenia. They stayed for a while in a collective accommodation in Banja Luka, and then in Gornja Ljubovia, in army barracks adapted for a temporarily lodging of people who had lost their homes. Gordana’s father found a job and they managed to rent an apartment; after a while, her parents bought a land plot in Prijedor and built a small house. At that time, Gordana met her husband, also an internally displaced person from the same town, Sanski Most. They moved into a 130-year-old stateowned house, one in a row of many, with the railway passing right behind the house. This old and humid two-room accommodation has been the home of the four-member family for the past seven years. The Vukobrat family has been applying for a new apartment for years, without result. Last year, they heard about the Regional Housing Programme and the possibility to get an apartment in the new building in Prijedor. They are getting ready to move into the new apartment in early spring of 2018.
SUB-PROJECTS IN BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Provision of building materials to 20 families and turnkey reconstruction assistance to 150 families
Provision of housing solutions to 780 households for return and reintegration or local integration in BiH
Construction of 512 flats in multi-apartment buildings for local integration of refugees and IDPs
Reconstruction of 435 family houses for the return of refugees and IDPs and construction of 45 family houses for local integration of IDPs in BiH
Re/construction of 50 family houses for local integration and re/construction of 500 family houses for return of refugees and IDP’s in BiH
Bosnia and Herzegovina Factsheet - March 2018
MINISTRY OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND
REFUGEES OF BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
The Ministry has the overall responsibility for the BiH Country Housing Project implementation, management, co-ordination, supervision, follow-up and evaluation. It is in charge, inter alia, of the development of sub-projects; the supervision of beneficiary selection; the conclusion of inter-institutional agreements; the submission of procurement plans to the CEB, as well as of monitoring and drafting CHP/sub-project monitoring reports.
PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION UNITS
Given the administrative set-up in BiH, the role of the PIUs is ensured separately in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, in the Republika Srpska and in the District of Brcko. Duties are performed by entity institutions responsible for the refugee/IDP/returnee issues, including housing portfolio, as follows:
BOSNIA AND HERZEGOVINA
Federal Ministry of Displaced Persons and Refugees
The Federal Ministry is in charge of administrative, professional and other tasks of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in the areas of displaced persons, refugees and returnees.
Ministry of Refugees and Displaced Persons
The Department for Reconstruction is responsible for all aspects of (re)construction related to refugee/ IDP/returnee issues (e.g. planning, procurement, contracting, financial management) and closely cooperates with other relevant ministries.
Department of the Brcko District Government for Refugees, IDPs and Housing Issues
The Department is responsible for the whole refugee/IDP/returnee portfolio in the District of Brcko, including housing issues (e.g. rights to tenancy, alternative accommodation, provisions for the socially vulnerable, reconstruction of private housing).
Ministry of Human Rights and Refugees
of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Federal Ministry of
Displaced Persons and Refugees
The Department of Brcko District Government for
Displaced Persons, Refugees and Housing Issues
+387 49 240 600