An estimated 550 000 people were displaced within Croatia during 1991-1992. Over the 1992-1995 period, the country received some 400 000 refugees from Bosnia and Herzegovina, of which an estimated 120 000 have since acquired Croatian citizenship. In the period from 1991 to 1995, some 250 000 minority Serbs fled Croatia. The authorities have so far registered 133 140 returnees of Serbian ethnicity to and within Croatia, representing around half of those who fled their places of origin.
Before the war, the Maric family lived in the village of Bjelavici near Kakanj, Bosnia and Herzegovina, until they went into exile in June 1993. They fled together with thousands of their countrymen first to the nearby Vares, and soon continued to Capljina. They spent several months in collective accommodation in schools and abandoned houses, with a 9-month-old baby. The Maric family has an eventful past as refugees: soon after leaving BiH, they went to Sweden and Germany to seek asylum. There they got their second daughter and survived thanks to social assistance. They did not succeed in obtaining asylum and had to return to BiH. As they could not return to their home village, they moved to Drvar, where they were accommodated in an abandoned house, where their third daughter was born. The family stayed in Drvar for four years, until 2002. They tried to seek asylum once more, this time in Norway, and were again rejected. Finally, in 2006, the family arrived in Benkovac where their relatives helped them to find temporary accommodation. For more than 10 years, this family has lived in rented apartments, trying to provide for their three daughters. The two elder ones finished school and left for Germany, helping financially their parents and younger sister: Mr Maric takes seasonal jobs, his wife works from time to time as a cook in local restaurants and the youngest daughter is finishing high school in Benkovac. Finally, at the beginning of February 2018, the Maric family moved into a new apartment in the RHP-financed building in Benkovac.
SUB-PROJECTS IN CROATIA
Construction of an apartment building for 29 families in Korenica
Construction of two residential buildings in Knin for 40 beneficiary households
Reconstruction of a home for 75 elderly and disabled persons in Glina
Purchase of 101 flats within and outside the Areas of Special State Concern
Construction of a residential building for 21 families in Benkovac
Renovation, reconstruction or construction of 62 family housesCroatia Factsheet - May 2018
CENTRAL STATE OFFICE FOR
RECONSTRUCTION AND HOUSING CARE
The RHP Lead Institution in Croatia is the Central State Office for Reconstruction and Housing Care (CSORHC). The Government of the Republic of Croatia established the CSORHC in May 2013, to manage, among other things, the implementation of reconstruction and housing projects for returnees, refugees and former tenancy right holders. These sectors were previously under the responsibility of the Ministry of Regional Development and EU Funds which has 20 years of experience in the implementation of housing programmes. In total, almost 150 000 housing units have been reconstructed so far. The State Office for Reconstruction and Housing Care has 142 employees.
Within the framework of the RHP, the Central State Office for Reconstruction and Housing Care is responsible for implementing the Croatian Country Housing Project and for the overall planning and development. It is also in charge of selecting the beneficiaries in cooperation with UNHCR, issuing requests for construction of housing units to the PIU, issuing approvals to the Agency for Transactions and Mediation of Real Estate (APN) for purchasing flats, submitting project proposals for financing, submitting reports to CEB, organising visibility events and maintaining cooperation with Partner Countries. www.duosz.hr
Central State Office for Reconstruction and
Housing Care of Republic of Croatia