Over the past 20 years, Montenegro has provided shelter to displaced persons from Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia, as well as to internally displaced persons (IDPs) from Kosovo. While some of the displaced persons and IDPs have already integrated locally, most of them are still in need of durable housing solutions due to their extreme socio-economic vulnerability.
The Montenegrin Government has over the years constructed some 1 300 housing units with the support of international donors; however, this has not been enough to cover the needs. In 2011, the Government of Montenegro adopted the National Strategy for Durable Solutions for Displaced and Internally Displaced Persons, with special emphasis on the Konik area. The Strategy has created a framework for the permanent and sustainable resolution of displacement issues in Montenegro.
Konik, a local community located five kilometres from the capital of Montenegro Podgorica, is the largest refugee camp in the Balkans, settled by Roma and Egyptians who left Kosovo after the conflict in 1999 and came to Montenegro. Hadzi Paljaci came from Pec, Kosovo, in 1999 with his wife and four children. Today, he has another four children and supports the entire 10-member family from the salary he gets as a Konik construction site guard. His eldest, 20-year old son, helps him whenever he can. When they arrived in Konik, they lived in an improvised hut built from scraps of wood, tin and rubbish. Today, they all live together in a small container which they received as immediate assistance when the tent they lived in burned down in the fire during the summer of 2012, leaving them and the other camp tenants without any belongings, once again. The containers that they received after the fire were equipped with water and electricity installations, fridges, stoves and basic furniture, providing some form of a decent life to the residents. Hadzi’s younger children go to school regularly, thanks to the transportation which is organised to the city schools. After working hours, the tenants of the camp gather in a community centre and play chess, domino or cards, listen to the music and chat. In December 2015, the project for the construction of 48 apartments and a community centre for the tenants of the Konik camp, financed through IPA 2007-2013 funds, was completed and the tenants moved into their new homes. The rest of the families from the camp will get housing assistance through the RHP - the construction of 171 new housing units will allow the final closure of the camp in 2018.
SUB-PROJECTS IN MONTENEGRO
Construction of two blocks of flats for 62 I/DP families in Niksic
Provision of housing to 171 most vulnerable families from camp Konik 1 and its surroundings, through construction of 17 buildings in the city of Podgorica
Construction of a home for 68 elderly/handicapped persons in Pljevlja
Construction of 94 apartments for 271 persons in the municipality of Berane
Purchase of 36 apartments in the municipality of Herceg Novi
Construction of minimum 50 individual houses in various municipalities in Montenegro
Montenegro Factsheet - October 2017
MINISTRY OF LABOUR AND
The Ministry ensures the institutional set-up of the Montenegrin Country Housing Project’s management and control system, development of sub-projects, selection of beneficiaries, conclusion of inter-institutional agreements with municipalities (in case housing solutions are implemented on their territory), submission of procurement plans to CEB, monitoring reports, as well as approval and submission of requests to the Ministry of Finance for the payment of contracts.
PROJECT IMPLEMENTATION UNIT
The Directorate carries out the activities such as: establish and maintain a procurement and contract management system, and manage any donor funds received for technical assistance, provide relevant input for the development of sub-projects as agreed with/requested by Lead Institution, co-sign inter-institutional agreements with municipalities, develop tender dossiers and conduct procurement or perform ex-ante controls on tender dossiers and stages of procurement (when municipalities are Contracting Authorities), manage and monitor contract implementation, as well as check and approve invoices submitted by contractors.
Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare