As a consequence of the armed conflicts in the 1990s, over three million people were displaced both within and beyond the borders of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia. Over the past two decades, sustained efforts on the part of the four affected states, as well as support from the international community, have enabled the majority of those affected to return home or find other durable solutions. However, despite these efforts, almost half a million people remain displaced throughout the region.
The process of selecting beneficiaries is a crucial element of the RHP. Its purpose is to ensure that RHP housing units are provided to those refugees and IDPs that are most vulnerable and most in need. In early 2016, close to 2 000 beneficiary families had already been selected throughout the four countries. Potential beneficiaries are informed about the RHP thanks to the wide information campaigns conducted by the Partner Countries since March 2013, in close coordination with UNHCR and OSCE
The stories of RHP beneficiaries below aim at capturing the reality of refugee families who have lived in tents and containers, moved from one relative to another, or managed to build at least some kind of a roof over their heads, during the past two decades. Some of the pictures are kindly provided by the UNHCR.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Serif Guta, Foca
Guta family is one of 150 families who received turn-key reconstruction assistance (BiH1) and finished their house in June 2016.
Republic of Croatia
Petar Eror, Korenica
Petar Eror found his roof over his head in one of the apartments in a building for 29 families in Korenica (HR1) in September 2015.
Bora Cvijetic, Niksic
Bora Cvijetic moved into her new apartment in building for 62 families in Niksic (MNE1) in June 2016.
Fehim Gondzic, Olovo
Mr Gondzic moved with his wife and three children into their newly constructed house in Olovo (BiH1), in April 2016.
Ilinka Knezevic, Knin
Ms Knezevic is one of the 101 beneficiaries who received an RHP-financed apartment (HR2), in December 2014.
Draga Vujovic, Niksic
Ms Vujovic moved with her son into her new apartment in Niksic (MNE1), in June 2016.
Categories of Beneficiaries Eligible for Support
The following priority categories have been identified by the Partner Countries, together with the UNHCR:
All 1991-1995 refugees, regardless of their status, who are residents of collective centres or other forms of collective accommodations, either formal or informal.
Displaced persons accommodated in collective centres and private accommodations in Croatia.
All 1991-1995 vulnerable refugees accommodated privately and all former occupancy right holders without a durable solution in their country of origin or reception country. For the purpose of the Regional Housing Programme, the vulnerability criteria applied by UNHCR in countries in the region are also to be applied here.
Vulnerable displaced persons outside collective centres in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
All vulnerable returnees to Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia and all vulnerable returnees who have already returned to Croatia but who do not have a durable solution either in the country of origin or in the reception country.
Vulnerable persons displaced in Montenegro in 1999. This was especially agreed by the participating countries given that the Regional Housing Programme in other countries deals only with 1991-1995 refugees.